Grāmata: Bils Braisons “Īsa vēsture par gandrīz visu”

Nē, nē..! Tas, ka tik sen nav bijis neviens ieraksts par grāmatām, nenozīmē, ka smadzenes netiek barotas ar literatūru… Gluži otrādi – tiek lasīts! Un daudz! Būtībā tik, cik laiks atļauj. Jo… problēma rodas (nu jau jāsaka – radās) tad, kad vienīgais laiks, kad iespējams atvērt grāmatu, ir rītos – 20-30min autobusā, braucot uz darbu, ja nenāk miegs. Pa retai reizei – braucot no darba mājās, jo ļoti bieži uz mājam eju kājām…

Šoreiz esmu izvēlējusies teju 700 lappušu biezu grāmatu angļu valodā: “A Short History of Nearly Everything” by Bill Bryson [“Īsa vēsture par gandrīz visu”]. B.Braisons ir amerikāņu autors, kas raksta humoristiskas grāmatas gan par dažādiem ceļojumiem, gan par angļu valodu, gan arī par zinātni.

Tad nu, lūk! Šī grāmata manās rokās nonāca pavisam nejauši – savācu to no Grenobles (Francija) ‘Europole’ rezidences koridorā esošā galdiņa, kur ik pa laiciņam kāds no iemītniekiem atstāja tās grāmatas, kuras ir izlasījis/nav vairs vajadzīgas. Būtībā – izglābu šo fantastisko literatūru no gozēšanās uz galdiņa, nokļūšanas cita rokās vai pat nonākšanas miskastē. :)

2003.gadā izdotā grāmata ir īpaša ar to, ka tajā tiek skaidrotas dažādas zinātnes nozares ikvienam lasītājam saistošā un saprotamā veidā – tā teikt – ikviens mirstīgais bez problēmām var iepazīties ar dažādiem zinātnes aspektiem un teorijām, kas radušās gudrajiem prātiem cenšoties rast atbildes uz visus urdošo jautājumu: “Kas ir tur – laukā?!”
Man, kā jau zinātnes cilvēkam, šī grāmata šķita kā fantastisks tūlis, kas kārtējo reizi kādreiz skolas un studiju laikā dzirdēto informāciju par zinātniekiem, atklājumiem un teorijām ‘saliek pa plauktiņiem’ ļoti viegli uztveramā, hronoloģiskā secībā, balstoties ne tikai uz tīri sausiem faktiem, bet arī iesaistot stāstījumā gan vēsturiskus notikumus, gan autora paša pieredzi, skatījumu un vērtējumu.

Bill Bryson

Ģeoloģija, arheoloģija, astronomija, fizika, bioloģija, ķīmija utt. – viss primārais, uz kā balstās teorijas par mūsu eksistenci. Gandrīz vai ik nodaļā varēja smelties dažādas atziņas un piemirstus faktus, kas šķita tik trāpīgi un būtiski, lai tos piefiksētu un atcerētos. Lūk, daži no tiem:

– The only thing special about the atoms that make you is that they make you. That is, of course, the miracle of life. 
– Glance at the night sky and what you see is history and lots of it – not the stars as they are now but as they were when their light left them.

– Physicists are notoriously scornful of scientists from other fields.
– As physicists began to delve int this subatomic realm, they realized that it wasn’t merely different from anything we knew, but different from anything ever imagined.
– For the first time, as James Trefil has put it, scientists had encountered ‘an area of the universe that our brains just aren’t wired to understand’.
– Physics is really nothing more than a search for ultimate simplicity, but so far all we have is a kind of elegant messiness – or as Leon Lederman put it: ‘There is a deep feeling that the picture is not beautiful.’

– The upshot of all this is that we live in a universe whose age we can’t quite compute, surrounded by stars whose distances from us and each other we don’t altogether know, filled with matter we can’t identify, operating in conformance with physics laws whose properties we don’t truly understand.
–    I [Bill Bryson] asked them how much warning we would receive if a similar hunk of rock [līdzīgi tiem, kas radīja Chicxulub krāteri vai, piemēram, Shoemaker-Levy komēta] were coming towards us today. ‘Oh, probably none,’ said Anderson [Ray Anderson] breezely. […] And in all likeihood, remember, this would come without warning, out of clear sky.

– We know amazingly little about what happens beneath our feet. It is fairly remarkable to think that Ford has been building cars and Noble committees awarding prizes for longer than we have known that the Earth has a core.

–  […] it is easy to make any banal situation seem extraordinary if you treat it as fateful.

– These days, he [Mark Kurlansky] notes drily, ‘fish’ is ‘whatever is left’.

– Even having achieved this structural complexity, a protein is no good to you if it can’t reproduce itself, and proteinc can’t. For this you need DNA.
– Evolutionary success, it appeared, was a lottery.
– To them [mikroskopiskas ērcītes] your head is just one large oily bon-bon. And don’t think a clean pillowcase will make a difference.

– It may not feel like it, but at the cellular level we are all youngsters.
– If you could visit a cell, you wouldn’t like it.
– Finally, cells comunicate directly with their neighbours to make sure their actions are co-ordinated.
– Every living thing, never forget, is a wonder of atomic engineering.

– He [Charles Robert Darwin] referred to himself as ‘the Devil’s Chaplain’ and said that revealing the theory felt ‘like confessing a murder’.
– If natural selection were to work, some alternative, unconsidered mechanism was required. 
– From an evolutionary point of view, sex is really just a reward mechanism to encourage us to pass on our genetic meterial. 

– It was Broom’s [Robert Broom] habit, for instance, to do his fieldwork naked when the weather was warm, which was often. […] When the patiens died, which was also often, he would sometimes bury their bodies in his back garden to dig up for study later.

– […] we have been chosen, by fate or providence or whatever you wish to call it. As far as we can tell, we are the best there is. We may be all there is. It’s an unnerving though that we may be the living universe’s supreme achievement and its worst night-mare simultaneously.
– We rally are the beginning of it all. The trick, of course, is to make sure we never find the end. And that, almost certainly, will require a lot more than lucky breaks.

Par šo grāmatu kopumā esmu dzirdējusi ļoti labas atsauksmes. Pie tam, tā ir tulkota arī latviešu valodā. Tāpēc, ja arī Tu gribi papildināt savu galvu ar vispārīgu informāciju par galvenajiem cilvēces attīstības posmiem, ņem rokās un lasi! ;)

One thought on “Grāmata: Bils Braisons “Īsa vēsture par gandrīz visu”

  1. ievina says:

    There is a deep feeling that the picture is not beautiful…shitais ir baigi labs! Es ar tå ik pa laikam iedomåjos pie sevis saistibå ar saviem pëtïjumiem! :D
    un jå..arï vienu brïdi gribëju atrast ¨so gråmatu, bet tad piemirsås ar visiem darbiem..paldies par atgådinåjumu!! ;)

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *